Announcing new Java 11 OCP Books!

Jeanne and I are thrilled to announce that we are releasing Java 11 OCP books early next year. Yes, you heard that right, books plural, as in more than one! In fact, we’ll be releasing two new books, along with a complete set edition.

We’ll post links where you can preorder the books as soon as they are available!

These books have been carefully written and include the most important information you need to know for the Java 11 OCP exams. While we are quite proud of our Java 8 books, there’s a lot of new material required for the exams including modules, var, and custom annotations just to name a few.

If you’re thinking of taking the new exams prior to the books’ release, we recommend reading our posts detailing our experiences taking the exams:

In short, if you’re comparing the first exam (1Z0-815) to the older OCA 8 (1Z0-808) exam, don’t. They are quite different and the difficulty level has definitely been increased. We expect both books to be available in early 2020. In fact, we’re nearly done writing the first book already!

My Experience taking the new Java SE 11 Programmer I 1Z0-815 Exam

One day after Oracle announced the new Oracle Certified Professional: Java 11 Developer certification, I decided to jump in and take the first of two exams! As an author of a best-selling Java certification series, how hard could it be I thought? In short… very! I did pass, but it was very different from what I imagined it would be.

Certification Changes

On the surface, the new Java 11 Programmer I (1Z0-815) and Java 11 Programmer II (1Z0-816) exams appear to be loosely based on the original OCA 8 (1Z0-808) and OCP 8 (1Z0-809) exams. I say loosely, because glancing at the objectives would lead you to believe they might be the same exams. They are decidedly not! More on that in a minute. One major change to the structure, though, is that the Oracle Certified Associate title no longer exists. Completing either exam does not grant you any certification title, and you must complete both Programmer I and Programmer II exams (in any order) to be an Oracle Certified Professional 11. There is also a single Java 11 OCP Upgrade (1Z0-817) exam for holders of a Java 6/7/8 OCP certification. Each of the three new exams are listed at $245 US. Unlike previous Java exams, there is no discounted beta exam, or beta exam of any kind, for the new Java SE 11 exams.

Neither Jeanne nor I have taken the Programmer II exam yet, so the rest of this post will be about my personal experience with the new Programmer I exam.

OCA 8 (1Z0-808) vs Java 11 Programmer I (1Z0-815): What’s the difference?

A LOT. I can’t emphasize this enough. The new Programmer I exam is significantly harder than the OCA 8 exam was. Questions are much more involved, much longer, and often require answering multi-part questions. For example, a question might have 8 answer choices and you need to select 3 completely independent answers. Process of elimination is crucial to finishing the exam. For example, in some cases it’s a lot easier to find the 5 choices that don’t compile than the 3 that do.

The new Java 11 Programmer I exam also includes a lot of topics that were previously only found on the OCP 8 exam. While you don’t need to know stand-alone topics like Concurrency, JDBC, and NIO.2 for this exam, you do need to know nearly everything there is to know about core Java topics like interfaces, generics, and Java operators. Jeanne and I noticed the new objectives appear to be a lot vaguer and broader than the previous objective set, meaning they can (and do) encompass a lot more than is explicitly listed in the objective titles. For example, == and equals() are no longer listed in the objectives, but don’t let that lull you into thinking for a second that you don’t need to know them to pass the exam!

Modules, modules, modules, Oh my!

The Java 11 Programmer I exam includes new topics like Project Jigsaw modules. Prior to taking the exam, I thought there going were only going to be a handful of questions on modules. Boy was I wrong! There were many questions on modules and the depth of them was honestly very surprising. You definitely need to memorize all module-related command line arguments to java/javac/jdeps/jmod, as well as knowing the long and short command-line flags. Just because modules is 1 of the 12 of the top-level exam objectives, don’t be fooled into thinking only 1/12 of the questions will be on modules! Understanding modules is vital to passing this exam!

OCA 8 (1Z0-808) vs Java 11 Programmer I (1Z0-815): What’s the same?

Excluding modules, the objectives are quite similar between the OCA 8 and Java 11 Programmer I exams, but that’s more likely to do more harm than good. Anyone going into this exam thinking this is just a Java 11 version of the OCA 8 exam will be in for a surprise.

So what is the Java 11 Programmer (1Z0-815) exam?

In a nutshell, it’s like they took the old OCA 8 exam, increased the difficulty of the questions by an order of magnitude until it was as hard as the old OCP 8 exam. Then, they updated the length of questions so that you had to answer 2-3 questions at once in a single question. Next, they greatly increased the depth of any topic on the previous exam. For example, previously you might have only needed to know 2-3 StringBuilder methods, whereas now you need to know nearly all of them. Finally, they filled the exam to the brim with Java module questions.

Of course, they also included other new Java 9/10/11 topics, like var and some string/array methods, but they pale in comparison with the changes in depth, difficultly, and new module topics.

“Can I use your OCA 8 book to study for the Java 11 Programmer I exam?”

As the sole source of preparation for the exam, definitely not. The OCA 8 exam was significantly easier and lighter than the new Java 11 Programmer I exam, and we wrote the questions and topics to match that particular exam. If you only study from our previous book, there is a good chance you might fail the exam.

That said, you could use our OCA 8 book, as well as the first half of our OCP 8 book as a starting points for studying for the new Java 11 Programmer I exam, but you will absolutely need to supplement it with education on the new topics, methods, and classes in Java 9/10/11, as well as in depth and hands on knowledge of modules. You should also expect the questions to be at least on the level of difficulty as the OCP exam.

“Hey Scott and Jeanne, is there a new Java 11 certification book coming?”

We get this question a lot, even before the objectives were announced. All I can say is, stay tuned for now!

JavaOne – Simplified and Fast Fraud Detection

Simplified and Fast Fraud Detection”

Speaker: Keith Laker

For more blog posts from JavaOne, see the table of contents

Live SQL

  • free online Oracle 12C database
  • Can save scripts
  • Google searchable
  • Each OTN (oracle tech network) users sees own copy of data. Sandboxed
  • Can download data as CSV

And for this session the live sql URL

Pattern Matching

  • types – regex, sed/awk
  • in SQL – row level regex
  • new: pattern recognition in a stream or rows – aka can match across rows and columns
  • new SQL construct MATCH_RECOGNIZE – ANSII standard; not Oracle specific


  1. Bucket and order the data
    • This makes the patterns “visible”.
    • Used order by or partition by/order by so queries are deterministic (this does not require the paid Oracle partitioning feature)
  2. Define the pattern
    • Regular expression like pattern
    • Ex: PATTERN (X+ Y+ Z+) where X/Y/Z is a boolean expression. Ex: bal < PREV(bal)
    • Common qualifiers: * + ? {n} {n,} {n,m}
    • Also have extra ? for reluctant qualifiers – helps deal with what to do with overlapping matches
  3. Define measures
    • Define columns in output table
    • pattern navigation options; PREV, NEXT, FIRST, LAST
    • column
    • optional aggregates (COUNT, SUM, AVG, MAX, MIN)
    • special measures: CLASSIFIER() – which component of the pattern applied to this row and MATCH_NUMBER() – how many matches within each partition – both are good for debugging
    • Ex: MEASURES FIRST(x.tstamp) as first_x
  4. Controlling output
    • by default get a column per measure along with the partitioning column (when using one row per match). Get more columns with all rows per match)
    • how many rows back: ONE ROW PER MATCH (default) ALL ROWS PER MATCH or ALL ROWS PER MATCH WITH UNMATCHED ROWS (good for debugging)
    • where to start next search: AFTER MATCH SKIP PAST LAST ROW (default), also options for next row and relating to variables


  • Find 3 or more small (<2K) money transfers within 30 days. Then find large transfer (?=1M) within 10 days of last small transfer
  • Can do in SQL without pattern matching, but a lot of code.
  • Can do in Java, but. [copying the database…]
  • Showed how to create a table for JSON data – reads into a CLOB and Oracle checks it is valid JSON. Loaded with insert statements because live sql is web based and can’t access underlying file system.
  • Can use dot notation to access SQL fields

Sample pattern matching statement:

FROM transfers_view
 ORDER BY time_id
 user_id AS user_id,
 amount AS amount
 PATTERN (X{3,} Y)
 X AS (amount < 2000) AND 
 LAST(time_id) - FIRST(time_id) < 30,
 Y AS (amount >= 1000000) AND 
 time_id - LAST(x.time_id)< 10);

My take: This was a two hour “tutorial” which differs from a hands on lab. We were still able to follow along with a laptop or “large tablet.” I followed along with the demos on my Mac. Which also let me play a bit. It was fun. I’ve always liked SQL :). I like that he uses QR codes for the links/blogs he wants people to go to. They are also linked in the PowerPoint when it becomes available.

It was also interesting blogging on my laptop. On my tablet, I blog in HTML because it is a pain to u se the visual editor on the tablet. A laptop has no such problem. But a laptop battery doesn’t last all day so…