blogging from reza rahman’s jee 7 talk

This month’s NY JavaSig was chock full of information about JEE 7.  It was nice seeing it before Oracle’s launch webcast.  And at a more convenient time as well!  Given that Reza Rahman works for Oracle, we got the standard Oracle disclaimer that anything can change in the next two weeks.  But we all know they don’t have time to change much so 99.9% of this should be true.  [comments in brackets are my opinions; not Reza’s or Oracle’s]
High level JEE 7 changes
  • JMS 2. Batch. Transactions. Concurrency, interceptor, web socket java api, json java api
  • El 3, jms 2′ jax-rs 2.
  • Rest like EJB are minor releases. Ejb 3.2 (interestingly CMP is from J2EE 1.3)
  • Add to web profile: jax-rs 2
  • Deprecate jax rpc, cmp, cmp, jsr 88 – no known tools to get off bmp/cmp
  • Themes are productivity and html 5, core foundational apis
Jms 2
  • 8 year old api. Needed an overhall
  • Change api to use  DI
  • Delivery delay, async send, delivery count, now standard rather than optional, mdb alignment
  • Now you just inject JMSContext and Queue – a  new Object. Reduces code from a slide to a few lines.
  • Uses default JMSContext connection factory unless specify otherwise
  • Context has createProducer() and createConsumer(). Uses builder pattern so can chain/use one liners to configure
  • New API uses runtime exceptions
  • Added JMSConnectionFactoryDefinition and JMSDestinationDefinition annotations so can configure in code instead of vendor specific descriptor. Can still use xml instead of annotations
  • MDBs have new @ActivationConfigProperty
  • Spring will be supporting JMS 2 in their apis. Will need new JMS apis as well from third party libraries.
  • Stateful protocol. Bidirectional async communication. Good for gaming, online stock tickers, etc
  • Uses HTTO as handshake between client and server
  • Part of HTML 5. Hope people will be using within 3-5 years.
  • Very high level API
  • Supports both declarative and progamatic programming. Most people should be dealiling with declarative api.  The programmatic one is meant for third party api developers
  • Abstracts keep alive setting
  • Weakness in websocket spec: can use up all sockets on a machine
  • Keep alive packets sent about every 5 minutes (vs 30 seconds normally). If your router times out after a minute, you’ll need to reconfigure. No session replication yet. If server goes down, you lose it
  • Server side code – POJO with annotaton for serverendpoint(url)’ onopen and onclose. Onopen and onclose callbacks get passed a session. Also callbacks for onmessage and onerror.  Use session.getRemote.  To get handle to remote endpoint and call sendXXX. It is NOT an HttpSession  because you are not in http level of abstraction
  • Client – JavaScript has an api for websocket.  Use this 90 peercent of the time
[feels like java util logging.  late to the party and not as good as open source libraries]
  • Have jsonp – Like xmlp?
  • Will have jsonb in future –  Like xmlb. Eclipselink has two implementations now. Moxi and eclipse link json binding. The later one is likely to be closest to the standard.
  • No safe bet. Use what exists now and change later
To use
  • JsonArray  array = Json.createArrayBuilder(). Can add primatives and objects
  • To read: parser().iterator and parser,getString()
  • iterator,nextO will return START_OBJECT, KEY_NA ME, etc in addition to the real values.  [ugly – reminds me of the early days of DOM]
[Lost what i typed because after deleting text undo deleted still more text. I think i remembered it all to retype]
  • Jersey is an implementation as is RESTEasy
  • Jax-rs was was introduced in jee 6
  • Hypermedia support – using hyperlinks in rest, like for lazy loading
  • Cient api, message filter, entity interceptor, asnc processing for high throughput, content negotiation (queues used to apply weight to client)
  • Client api: ClientBuilder.newClient() and, params, …  )
  • For filter implement ContainerRequestFilter
JPA 2.1
  • Schema generation – every provider supports already.  This adds a standard format. Can create database and/or ddl,   Showed examole with index names in Java and said “no other way to do it” [yuck – this is why you should separate your DDL and not store it in only in Java.  You are going to need that standalone DDL later anyway for laters so why not put the index there.]
  • Stored procedure support – people want it, all providers have it already so gave in and put it in in ORM spec.  Looks like namedqueries. @NamedStoredProcedureQuery
  • Unsynchronized persistence contexts – can join when  ready to rejoin context
  • Entity convertors – edge case solution for odd format in database field but dont want in java objects
  • Fixes/enhancement
Jta 1.2
  • Old api that needed an update. Lots of fixes and two new features
  • Declarative transactions outside EJB – any CDI object supported now. @Transactional. Default is rollback for runtime exception and ignore checked exception
  • @TransactionScoped – new CDI scope. JMSContext uses this scope
Jsf 2.2
  • Html 5 support – pass thru html 5 components. Use normal inout type=color and then jsf:value and el expression as attribute. That way not limited to jsf component libraries. Similary jsf:id, jsf:validate, jsf:renderer
  • @Flowscoped – alternative to conversation scope. Conversation was suited to wizards. Flow scoped keeps certain objects active for different parts of the app. [Code looks like a state diagram in java code – long]
  • @ViewScoped for CDI
  • Deprecated JSF managed beans. Use CDI instead
  • File upload component – couldn’t add until now because JSF was being backward compatible with 2 versions of servlet apis
  • View actions – can trigger an action when land on page rather than wait for user to click on something
  • Multi templating – templates can have parents
  • Security
Batch applications
  • Concepts. JobRepository, Job,JobOperator, Step, ItemReader, ItemProcessor, ItemWriter ( map reduce pattern with readerprocess, write)
  • The java community doesnt generally get into batch processing. Financial community is different. Hadoop and analytics starting to bring batch to wider audience
  • To code use named annotation and implement Itemreader, ItemProcessor, ItemWriter
  • Write XML for step to chunk it and send to reader, processor and writer. Methods. ReadItem, processItems, writeitems
  • IBM websphere compute grid  called out for batch multi threading on different machines.
  • IBM most active and spring second most active contributor to batch spec. Presumably that means Spring is interesting in supporting
Bean validation 1.1
  • Added method level constraints.  Useful in REST. Method param and return type constraints.  Used to only have property level
  • Bean validation artifacts injectable
Concurrency utilities for JEE
  • Builds on JSE Executor Service
  • Thread pool aware
  • Relatively low level API
  • Don’t expect a lot of people to use.  Meant for third parties running on JEE so can share app server thread pool
  • Inject ManagedExecutorService annotation. Submit your task to executor
El. 3
  • Lambda expressions, collections support, operator support
  • EJB 3.2 truncating BMP/CMP
  • Servlet api – non blocking IO
  • Ordering of interceptors
Jee 8 
  • jsonB. – probably before JEE 8
  • Jcache – available as drop in jar before. Just missed JEE 7 cutoff
  • Lots more stuff
  • Base Tomcat planning on supporting JSR 356 (web sockets), maybe concurrency utilities
  • TomEE – apache project taking plain tomcat and brining up to JEE web profile level. It is certified against web profile

TSS Symposium Preview – GWT Roundup

I'm Speaking at TheServerSide Java Symposium Google Web Toolkit As previously mentioned, Jeanne and I will both be presenting talks at TheServerSide Java Symposium exactly one month from now. Here is a preview of two of the topics I will be discussing at my talk “GWT Roundup: An Overview of Google’s Web Toolkit and Hybrid Integration” : GWT Image Bundles and Speed Tracer.

1. GWT Image Bundles

One of the more interesting features that GWT offers, beyond what most developers using indirect Ajax frameworks could build on their own, is the concept of Image Bundles. Even GWT developers who use Image Bundles may not have any notion of what is going on under the covers because the implementation details are so well abstracted. The idea is to take a large group of images and combine them into a single image with an interface for accessing each image. This may sound like a strange notion, but the performance advantages of doing so are manyfold:

  • More responsive UI since all images are downloaded together
  • Faster than downloading them individually since they are not downloaded in serial (HTTP 1.1 limits number of outgoing connections to 2 per domain)
  • Bundles use less bandwidth than separate images since multiple image headers are reduced to a single header

2. Speed Tracer

New to GWT 2.0 is the ability to validate such non-functional requirements as user interface performance, using the Speed Tracer tool, a Google Chrome extension. For example, if a particular asynchronous RPC call is causing delays in the user experience, Speed Tracer will help you identify it. Speed Tracer provides two graphs that show user response information and offers “hints” of spikes in response time that could be causing problems in your application.

  • Sluggishness Graph: Shows UI responsiveness
    GWT Speed Tracer - Sluggishness Graph
  • Network Graph: Network activity and latency
    GWT Speed Tracer - Network Graph

See you in Las Vegas!

I hope you enjoyed this preview of the talk I will giving next month. I will also be taking part in a panel hosted by Cameron McKenzie called “Client Side Development Smackdown” . Oh, and it’s not too late to register for TheServerSide Java Symposium 2011. We hope to see you there!