I recently learned that Contrast Security has a free plugin that tests your application against the OWASP Top 10. We’ve tried to fix these already. You can read about how we fixed Clickjacking, CSRF and XSS in JForum.
I started out by installing the Contrast plugin from the Eclipse Marketplace. After restarting Eclipse, a Contrast view automatically opens with instructions. It says to right click your server and choose “Start with Contrast.” Easy enough. I usually use Sysdeo so I can start the server in one click, but this is hardly onerous.
A Diversion: Fixing Tomcat Configuration
I got an error on startup. I then tried to start the server using the server view (without Contrast) and got the same NoSuchMethodError:
I fixed this by switching Tomcat 7 to use Java 7 instead of Java 8. (We aren’t using Java 8 yet for CodeRanch’s JForum software so this is fine.)
- Workspace preference
- Runtime Environments
- Click Tomcat and edit
- Choose Java 7 as JRE
This had nothing to do with Contrast. I hadn’t encountered it because I was using Sysdeo to start Tomcat before this.
Now that the server starts up, I stopped it and restarted with Contrast. Then I clicked around the app a bit. (You can use Selenium tests or any other testing tool to automate this part.) The Contrast view starts to populate with its findings. I clicked around until I had about a dozen findings. They were:
|Category||Issue||# Instances||Details||My analysis|
|Orange||Insecure hash algorithms in XXX||3||Provides an explanation of what the problem is, why it might/might not be a problem along with the stack trace (showing how it is used) and the HTTP request/headers for the request(s) that triggered it.||Two of the three findings refer to the exact same line of code. (Which was run on two different screens). The other appears to be in Tomcat itself. My configuration isn’t the same as the real server here. [The other two I need to look into further]|
|Yellow||Anti-Caching Controls Missing in XXXX||6||Provides the HTTP request/headers, suggested remediation||It’s annoying to have this reported on every page. Glad there is an :ignore this rule” option. We run a public website and want things to be cached. Client side caching makes the site faster for users and doesn’t leak information since 90% of our information is public to begin with. The only risk is if a moderator access the private forum on a public computer. We are technical users and know to clear data if this happens.|
|Yellow||Forms without autocomplete prevention||3||Provides the HTTP request/headers, suggested remediation||Again, we are a public site so not a big deal for browsers to retain information.|
|Warning||CVE(s) in commons-httpclient-3-1.jar||1||Provides links to the two CVEs along with the manifest of the vulnerable library.||I knew this from running Sonatype CLM Insight. The two CVEs are in functionality in the library that we don’t use. Still it is sweet to have this information available for free and with almost no effort. (Insight is a commercial project. We saw a one time result from the report.) I was concerned that information about the jars was being sent over the internet so I asked on Twitter. Jeff Williams replied that the CVE information is in a built in database updated via Eclipse Marketplace. Neat!|
What to do with the results
When right clicking on any finding, you have four options:
- Mark Resolved
- Ignore (this instance) – useful for a false positive
- Ignore rule – useful for a rule that doesn’t apply
My thoughts on the Contrast plugin
- I like that the stack trace is included because it is easy to see context. I also like that lines belonging to the app is in blue in the stack trace.
- It was very easy to use. And free. Which makes using it a no brainer.
- While there aren’t false positives from unused code, there are false positives from context (which a tool can’t know).
- Two of the rules triggered on a number of pages. (and would have triggered on a lot if I tested more)
- While I don’t have a long list of things to follow up, it was a good thought exercise. And the reason I don’t have a long list is because we manually went through the OWASP top 10 in preparation for the “Iron Clad Java” promo recently. (so as not to have embarrassing issues pointed out)