Automated Testing for Digital Experiences Using JUnit 5
Speaker: Justin Baumgartner
See list of all blog posts from conference
- Asked how many use JUnit 4. Almost everyone. [didn’t ask about TestNG, but did cite most used framework in general]
- JUnit 4 is ten years old
- “It’s all about the tests” – TDD/CI/CD – create. more importance on tests
Gaps in JUnit 4
- Tight coupling between the APIs we use to write tests and the ones build tools use. Separating the jars lets progress at different speeds
- Built on Java 5. Can’t use lambdas [aside from a tiny bit in assertj]
- Runner restrictions – can only have one
- Rules aren’t flexible enough
- Release in early fall
- New architecture: JUnit platform (for build tools and IDEs to discover and execute tests), JUnit Jupiter (for writing tests), JUnit Vintage (to run legacy tests)
- Potential for Cucumber or Spock runner so can run all tests in one place
- Extension model: Can hook into life cycle callbacks. Used instead of runners/rules. An extension point is an interface. Example BeforeEachCallback. Need to be stateless; get TestExtensionContext as parameter. Can implement multiple callback if want called multiple times and store state in getStore(context).
- Can pass parameters into test methods using @ExtendWith(xxx.class) so narrow scope. Implement ParameterResolver to create the object you want to mock.
- Dynamic tests: create tests at runtime. Not expected to use often. @TestFactory and then create tests as lambdas. Each dynamicTest in list is an actual test (vs run in a loop
- @ParmeterizedTest and @ValueSources – hard code parameters, read from file. [need to look at how to run “legacy” style parameterized test – answer – there’s. a @MethodSource where you can havve any logic]
- RepeatedTest(x) – to run test a bunch of times
- @Disabled – can disable class or test. Appear in report but not run. (unlike @Ignore where don’t appear in report at all)
- @DisplayName so can print clearer name than test name
- @Tag – replaces @Category – to grou/filter tests
- assertAll() – new assertion – facilitates grouping of assertions
Said backward compatible. But not all runners/rules are in Jupiter. So would have to use Vintage test engine to use those or port. Jupiter has different packages for annotations/assertions so can mix within class. So if using Jupiter engine, still can use “old” asserts until change imports.
Nice ending presentation. I’m really excited about JUnit 5!